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Cutting-edge research, data analysis, and disruption strategies to end human trafficking in illicit massage businesses.

Featured Research

What is the Illicit Massage Industry?

The Illicit Massage Industry (IMI) is one of the largest - and most networked - sex trafficking markets in the United States. We assess the IMI is made up of over 10,000 illicit massage businesses (IMBs) across all 50 states.

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COVID-19

IMI Remains Largely Intact After Weathering COVID-19

Barring the reinstatement of country-wide non-essential business closures, we assess the illicit massage industry (IMI) remains well-positioned for a return to normal operations by mid-to-late 2020. We judge that the relatively short duration of recent business closures was likely insufficient to significantly undermine IMI finances writ-large...

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Illicit Massage Industry

The IMI - A Financial Baseline

Within the United States, the illicit massage industry operates as a largely unregulated, multi-billion-dollar transnational criminal enterprise. Conservative estimates of its total illegal revenue hover around $3.5 billion dollars, based on academic research and suspected revenue estimates for the approximately 10,000 IMI storefronts in the U.S.

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Toolkits

Our toolkits empower citizens, community leaders and anti-human trafficking task forces and coalitions with strategic resources and promising, field-tested disruption methods to defeat the Illicit Massage Industry (IMI) and provide trauma-informed, culturally sensitive services to victims.

Law Enforcement Toolkit

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Service Providers Toolkit

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Citizen Advocates Toolkit

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Policy Toolkit

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Meet Our Team

Danielle Mendheim

Director of Data and Analytics
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Sam Gillis

Manager of Strategic Initiatives
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Kathy Chen

Program Advisor
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Tami Hassett

Senior Analyst
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Vivian Yu

Analyst and Cultural Consultant
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Brianna Norwood

Development and Operations Coordinator
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